Violence In The Old West Essay Scholarships

In 1960, women made up almost 38 percent of the college enrollment. Today, female students outnumber their male counterparts (at 56 percent), and are projected to outpace male enrollment growth into 2026, according to the National Center for Education Statistics.

Since women represent over half of enrollment and the cost of higher education is at an all time high, the need for financial assistance is a familiar concept for millions. Fortunately there are thousands of scholarships and fellowships catered to women, so the cost of college shouldn’t deter anyone from earning an undergraduate or graduate degree.

To learn more about how you can pay for college, follow this guide and use our interactive tool to sort through the scholarship opportunities for women that you qualify for. But first, let’s not forget how far women have come since the 19th century beginning with the first coeducational college in the U.S., Oberlin College.

Scholarships and student loans impact the success of American female leaders who have contributed to technological and medical advances, economic progress, the prosperity of our country and more. The former First Lady, Michelle Obama, partly attributes her success to the help of scholarships and financial aid, based on a speech given by former President Barack Obama:

It doesn’t matter who you are or where you came from, there are many opportunities available to help you pay for college—find the combination that works best for you.

If you’re just beginning the process of finding suitable scholarships, make sure you’re prepared for the application process by starting a folder with the assets below.

Whether you’re the valedictorian or have earned average grades, there are hundreds of scholarships to choose from. Below are a few types of scholarships you can look for.

Instructions: Click through the dropdowns below to sort by your intended major, award amount or if you’re looking for need-based aid. Click the box for a larger view.

The Gladys C. Anderson Memorial Scholarship

Amount: $1,000

Deadline: April 1, 2018

Candidates must be U.S. citizens or naturalized citizens who are legally blind. Awards are given to female undergraduate and graduate level students studying religious or classical music.

The R.L. Gillette Scholarship

Amount: $1,000

Deadline: April 1, 2018

Legally blind women pursuing a four year undergraduate degree in literature or music are eligible for this award. The American Foundation for the Blind gives awards in order to support and encourage one's full potential.

Howard G. Buffett Fund For Women Journalists

Amount: Varies

Deadline: Varies

The Howard G. Buffett Fund for Women Journalists offers scholarship awards to aspiring women journalists. Application periods run twice per year. Current eligibility requirements can be found on the scholarship's website.

A Room of Her Own (AROHO)

Amount: $5,000

Deadline: Varies

The Gift of Freedom Award helps bridge the gap between a woman’s artistic creation and her financial reality. Current genres and eligibility requirements are listed on the website.

Money for Women/Barbara Deming Memorial Fund, Inc.

Amount: Varies

Deadline: Varies

Grants are available to fiction and nonfiction writers, poets, visual artists and mixed-genre categories (illustration and text) to feminist women in the arts. Two application periods are available each year.

YoungArts

Amount: Varies

Deadline: Varies

YoungArts offers female aspiring artists in grades 10-12 the ability to grow their abilities through mentorships, national recognition and other opportunities related to the pursuit of a career in the arts.

New York Women in Communication Foundation Scholarship Program

Amount: Varies

Deadline: Varies

Scholarships are awarded to women in the communication and journalism fields. Students can be graduate, undergraduate or high school students. Students must reside in New Jersey, New York, Connecticut or Pennsylvania.

Journalism Education Association

Amount: $1,000

Deadline: Varies

The Journalism Education Association offers scholarships to those who desire to teach journalism. Students must be current undergraduate or graduate students.

Michele L. McDonald Memorial

Amount: $1,000

Deadline: June 29, 2018

Candidates must be pursuing a degree in accounting to be eligible for this award. Preference is given to applicants who are returning to college from the workforce or after raising children.

Moss Adams Foundation

Amount: $1,000

Deadline: June 29, 2018

Women pursuing a bachelor's degree in accounting are eligible. Applicants must be of a minority group, returning to school as a junior or senior or be pursuing a fifth year requirement.

Asian Women In Business Scholarship

Amount: $2,500

Deadline: Varies

Scholarships are awarded to women of Asian descent who are enrolled full-time at an accredited four-year undergraduate U.S. institution. Applicants must have a minimum of a 3.0 GPA and be a U.S. citizen or permanent resident.

EFWA Institute of Management Accountants IMA®

Amount: $2,000

Deadline: June 29, 2018

To be eligible, candidates must be the primary support for her family, and pursuing a bachelor's degree in accounting. She must be in her completing her sophomore year of studies.

EFWA Women In Need

Amount: $2,000

Deadline: June 29, 2018

Undergraduate students pursuing a bachelor's degree in accounting may apply for this women's scholarship awarded by the EFWA. In addition to scholarship money, award recipients receive a complementary IMA membership and assistance with CMA exam fees.

EFWA Women In Transition

Amount: $16,000

Deadline: June 29, 2018

Applicants must be the primary source of support for her family, enrolling as a freshman for the next academic year. The student must be pursuing a bachelor's degree in accounting.

Jane M. Klausman Women in Business Scholarship

Amount: Varies

Deadline: Varies

Applicants must be women currently pursuing an accredited business or business-related program, demonstrating excellent potential in the field. Qualified candidates are attending an accredited institution, enrolled in at least their second year of undergraduate program through to the final year of a graduate program.

Mildred C. Hanson SIOR Memorial Scholarship

Amount: $4,000

Deadline: Varies

Qualified applicants are women of junior or senior status in excellent standing in the U.S. or Canada. They plan to enroll in a four year undergraduate program in real estate, business or finance with a focus in real estate.

WIIT Charitable Trust Scholarship Program

Amount: $1,500

Deadline: March 15, 2018

Currently enrolled women of an undergraduate or graduate program at an accredited U.S. educational institution can apply for this award. Applicants must meet the age requirements on the current application and show proven interest in international relations, international trade, international development, international business or international economics.

WomenIn Scholarship

Amount: $2,500

Deadline: October 31, 2017

Both undergraduate and graduate women pursuing a career in video game development or the business of video games are eligible. Various majors qualify such as game design, law, business, programming and marketing.

1,000 Dreams Scholarship

Amount: $1,000

Deadline: April 30, 2018

Qualified applicants are women currently attend high school or a two or four year college institution. Financial need must be demonstrated.

AFWM Ford Empowering America Scholarship

Amount: $3,000

Deadline: May 1, 2018

Undergraduate and graduate students will need to create a brief video profiling inspirational women in their community or those from the Ford Empowering America booklet. The scholarship award is open to women across the nation.

Alpha Chi Omega Foundation Scholarships

Amount: Varies

Deadline: March 1, 2018

Candidates must be full-time students and lifetime members of Alpha Chi Omega who are in good standing. This scholarship for women has criteria and scoring that may differ from year to year. Check the website for current opportunities and eligibility requirements.

ANNpower Vital Voices Leadership Program

Amount: Varies

Deadline: March 8, 2018

Grants are available to 10th and 11th graders in the United States, Canada and Puerto Rico. The leadership fellowship allows young women to put their ideas into action.

APA Judith McManus Price Scholarship

Amount: $4,000

Deadline: April 30, 2018

Eligible candidates are women and members of the Native American, Hispanic American or African American minority groups. Students must be enrolled or accept to an undergraduate or graduate degree program. Awards are given to students who plan to work as practicing planners in the public sector (i.e. local, state and federal government and non-profits).

ARFORA Undergraduate Scholarship for Women

Amount: $1,000

Deadline: May 10, 2018

Applicants must have successfully completed the first year of study at an accredited college or university with enrollment set for the upcoming year. To qualify, students must be a female voting member of a parish of The Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of America.

Armenian International Women's Association Scholarships

Amount: Varies

Deadline: April 19, 2018

Awards are given to full-time female students of Armenian descent who are currently attending accredited colleges and universities. Applicants must be entering their junior or senior year of an undergraduate program, or be a graduate student, in order to be eligible.

AWMF & Ford Emerging Voices Scholarship

Amount: $2,000

Deadline: Varies

Applicants will submit a written essay on a suggested topic. This women's scholarship focuses on undergraduate students who will be enrolled for a full semester or school year.

Betty Hansen Continuing Education/Cultural-Heritage Grant

Amount: Varies

Deadline: Varies

Candidates must be enrolled at least part-time at an educational, accredited or approved school, or be in a workshop, course or seminar, or language class relating to Danish heritage or culture. This scholarship is awarded to women by the Danish Sisterhood of America.

Betty Hansen National Scholarship

Amount: $2,500

Deadline: March 1, 2018

Applicants must have a GPA of at least 2.5 on a 4.0 scale and be enrolled at or planning to enter full-time at a four-year accredited institution for an undergraduate or graduate degree. Awards are given to young women by the Danish Sisterhood of America.

Bishop John W. Hamilton Scholarship

Amount: $500

Deadline: Varies

Candidates must be African American female students who have been active members of United Methodist Church for at least one year. A GPA of 2.5 on a 4.0 scale or higher is necessary, and preference is given to those enrolled at a historically black college or university.

Caitlin Brondolo Golf Scholarship

Amount: $2,500

Deadline: May 31, 2018

Applicants are high school seniors who have been accepted to an accredited U.S. college or university. Qualified candidates have a 3.5 GPA or higher (on a 4.0 scale) and have participated for at least two years on a high school golf team. Applicants must also be accepted and planning to play golf on a women's collegiate team.

Daughters of the Cincinnati Scholarship

Amount: $16,000

Deadline: March 15, 2018

To be eligible, candidates must be a daughter of a career commissioned officer in the United States armed services. Students must also be in their senior year of high school at the time of application.

Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War

Amount: $250

Deadline: June 1, 2018

Applicants must apply during their senior year of high school and must be active as a Daughters of Union Veterans for a minimum of two years. Applicants will submit their grades along with information about their extracurricular activities.

Dinah Shore Scholarship

Amount: $5,000

Deadline: Varies

High school seniors who are pursuing a college education and have played golf in the community or for their high school are eligible to apply. Eligible candidates are women not planning to play collegiate golf.

Distinguished Young Women Scholarship Program

Amount: Varies

Deadline: Varies

To first qualify for any award, candidates must participate in a Distinguished Young Women event. College-granted and cash tuition scholarships are available. See scholarship website for various details and application requirements.

Dr. Blanca Moore-Velez Woman of Substance Scholarship

Amount: Varies

Deadline: March 1, 2018

African-American undergraduate women who are at least 35 years old are eligible for this award. A GPA of 3.0 or better is necessary. Students submit essays with their applications.

Dr. Wynetta A. Frazier "Sister to Sister" Scholarship

Amount: $500

Deadline: April 1, 2018

Applicants must be African American women of age 35 or older. Applicants must be a student re-entering her studies, whose educational path was interrupted by family responsibilities or other personal demands. To be eligible, students must be seeking a college degree program.

EWGA Foundation's Women On Par Scholarship

Amount: $1,000

Deadline: April 15, 2018

Candidates must be women aged 30 or older as of January 1 and be pursuing a vocational, technical, associate or bachelor's degree. Awards are for first-time applicants to school or those returning to school after an absence.

Get Girls Golfing Scholarship

Amount: $1,500

Deadline: May 15, 2018

Awards are given to high school seniors who have played golf competitively on their women's high school team. Students must also be planning to play golf as a freshman at a two or four year institution. Scholarships are given based on personal achievement, golf accomplishments and overall need.

Girl Talk's National Leader of the Year Scholarship

Amount: $2,500

Deadline: March 1, 2018

Awards are given to a junior or senior in high school who is a current Girl Talk member. The chosen candidate is one who best personifies the mission and values of Girl Talk.

Girls Impact the World Film Festival Green IS Award

Amount: $2,500

Deadline: March 1, 2018

Applications are open to female undergraduate students and high school students. Candidates must submit a video that either raises awareness about a critical issue affecting women around the world or proposes a solution to a serious challenge faced by women.

Girls Impact the World Film Festival Scholarship

Amount: $5,000

Deadline: January 20, 2018

Candidates will submit a three to six minute film on a critical women's issue or a solution to a challenge women face in the world. Both high school students and undergraduate students can submit entries.

Girls Who Illustrate Awesomeness Scholarship

Amount: $750

Deadline: December 1, 2017

Young women of color who are currently enrolled or will be enrolled in an undergraduate program are eligible to apply. A minimum of a 3.0 GPA is required, and applicants must submit a brief essay about how they plan to change the world.

Girlterest Magazine

Amount: $1,000

Deadline: December 30, 2017

Awards are given to women who are currently students at the high school, undergraduate or postgraduate level. Applicants can apply no matter their major, though preference is given to those who are pursuing a career in communications, sociology, feminism and women's studies.

Give, Love, Laugh Scholarship

Amount: $2,500

Deadline: March 1, 2018

Candidates must be a high school junior or senior who is a Girl Talk Leader. Applicants must have a 3.0 GPA or better, and plan to attend an accredited two or four year institution during the upcoming school year. Applicants will complete a community service project and submit the results of their project.

Harriet Fitzgerald Scholarship for Women

Amount: $10,000

Deadline: February 6, 2018

Eligible candidates include high school seniors, women who have attended less than one semester of college and early college applicants. Candidates must be accepted to or enrolled at a women's college. Preference is given to students with a 3.7 GPA or higher and a successful score on either on the ACT or SAT.

HomeKitchenary Student Scholarship

Amount: $1,000

Deadline: June 30, 2018

Awards are offered to daughters who lost a parent to breast cancer or have a parent who is a breast cancer survivor. Essays are submitted with an application. Eligible candidates are high school students who have a minimum of a 3.0 GPA.

Jeannette Rankin Women's Scholarship Fund

Amount: $2,000

Deadline: March 18, 2018

Women of age 35 years or older who are low-income and pursuing a vocational, technical, associate's or first bachelor's degree are eligible candidates. Applicants must be accepted to or enrolled in an accredited institution.

Judy Wendland-Young College Scholarship

Amount: $20,000

Deadline: May 4, 2018

Applicants must be women 35 years old or older who have not previously attended an accredited university offering bachelor's degrees. Candidates must be admitted to an accredited institution offering bachelor's degrees.

Kabis Memorial Internship

Amount: Varies

Deadline: December 1, 2017

Applicants for this internship at the National Federation of Republican Women headquarters must be at least a junior in college or a college student 21 years of age or older. Due to the nature of the internship, applicants should have a solid foundation of government knowledge with a keen interest in politics.

Kappa Kappa Gamma Scholarships

Amount: $3,000

Deadline: February 1, 2018

Initiated members of Kappa Kappa Gamma Sorority are eligible to apply for awards toward an undergraduate or graduate education. Students should have at least a 3.0 GPA on a 4.0 scale.

Lettie Pate Whitehead Scholarship Program

Amount: Varies

Deadline: Varies

Women who plan to attend or currently attend an accredited institution in Florida, Georgia, Alabama, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia and Tennessee are eligible to apply. The Lettie Pate Whitehead Scholarship Program funds annual awards for various institutions and degree programs. See the program's website for details and participating colleges.

Lifetime Adoption Foundation Scholarship

Amount: Varies

Deadline: Varies

Due to the Lifetime Adoption Foundation Scholarship's nature and mission, applicants must be a birth mother that placed a child for adoption after 1990. Applicants need to provide proof of part-time or full-time enrollment at an educational institution or trade school. Students must have a C or higher GPA.

Margaret McNamara Memorial Fund

Amount: Varies

Deadline: Varies

Women over the age of 25 who are not citizens of the U.S. or Canada but attend institutions in those countries are eligible to apply. Some scholarships provide up to $12,000, while others offer funding for study abroad experiences. See the website for current awards and eligibility requirements.

Marilynn Smith Scholarship

Amount: $5,000

Deadline: April 30, 2018

Eligible applicants are high school seniors who have played golf in her community or for her high school golf. Candidates need to be planning to play golf at an accredited U.S. institution.

National Pathfinder Scholarship

Amount: $2,500

Deadline: June 1, 2018

Eligible candidates are female undergraduate sophomores, juniors, seniors or graduate students. Established in 1985, the National Pathfinder Scholarship Fund was formed in honor of First Lady Nancy Reagan.

NCTA/AWM Scholarship

Amount: $5,000

Deadline: Varies

Female scholarship candidates must be attend an accredited college or university in the U.S. Applicants submit a project concept from industry-specific topics and include a statement about why the topic is valuable.

NeW Young Women's Essay Contest

Amount: $1,000

Deadline: September 30, 2017

Awards are given to high school seniors and undergraduate students for writing an essay based on conservative ideas and intellectual diversity. Applicants must be a woman who is a legal resident of the U.S. or the District of Columbia.

NeW's Young Women's Leadership Retreat

Amount: $1,000

Deadline: April 16, 2018

Currently enrolled or upcoming undergraduate students may apply for the Young Women's Leadership Retreat by submitting an essay regarding your interest in the program. The submission puts candidates in the running for a free leadership retreat, focused on bringing conservative women together.

NFWL/NRA Bill of Rights Essay Scholarship Contest

Amount: $3,000

Deadline: July 8, 2018

High school junior and senior women are eligible to apply. An essay is required along with the application. Awards also include an all-expense-paid trip to NFWL's Annual Conference.

No Bull Sports Scholarship

Amount: $5,000

Deadline: December 1, 2017

High school sophomores, juniors and seniors who plan to pursue an athletic endeavor in college are eligible for this award. No Bull Sports supports smart, talented, trailblazing young women with the resources needed to achieve academic and athletic goals.

Owanah Anderson Scholarship

Amount: Varies

Deadline: Varies

This women's scholarship is a two-year award available to undergraduate students. Those of all majors and fields of study are welcome to apply.

P.E.O. Program for Continuing Education

Amount: $3,000

Deadline: Varies

The P.E.O. Program supports women whose education was interrupted. Candidates must be enrolled in a degree or certificate program and be a U.S. citizen or legal permanent resident.

Patsy Takemoto Mink Foundation Scholarship

Amount: $5,000

Deadline: August 1, 2018

To apply, students must be at least 17 years of age and enrolled in a GED, ESL, skills training program, or be pursuing an associate degree, technical or vocational degree, a first bachelor's degree or a master's or doctoral degree. Applicants must also be a mother to a minor and be of low-income status.

Phyllis G. Meekins Scholarship

Amount: $1,250

Deadline: Varies

This scholarship is awarded to a high school senior from a recognized minority background who is planning to enroll in full-time coursework and play collegiate golf at an accredited university or college in the U.S. This women's scholarship is needs-based.

Red Thread Foundation Scholarship

Amount: $1,000

Deadline: April 15, 2018

Qualified candidates are women of an international background, including foreign students, first-generation Americans or immigrants. Candidates must first year entrants to a college or university program in U.S. for the upcoming academic year.

S.H.E. Squared "Future Female Leaders" Scholarship

Amount: $500

Deadline: September 1, 2017

First-time college freshmen who are in their first semester and at least 16 years of age are eligible. Candidates must be women with financial need. An essay will be required along with a complete application.

Seeds of Fortune Inc. Scholarship

Amount: $500

Deadline: December 31, 2017

Applicants must attend a public high school in NYC and be of sophomore or junior status. Candidates also must be women of a minority group (i.e. African American/African descent, South Asian, Latina or Native American).

Soroptimist Live Your Dream Awards

Amount: Varies

Deadline: Varies

This scholarship is for women who are the primary financial support for themselves and their dependents (see scholarship website for dependent qualifications). Applicants must be accepted to or currently enrolled in a skills training, vocational training or undergraduate degree program.

Talbot's Women's Scholarship Fund

Amount: Varies

Deadline: Varies

To be eligible, candidates must be seeking an undergraduate degree from a two or four year university or college, or a technical/vocational school. For more details, see the Talbot's Women's Scholarship Fund website.

The Helen Laughlin AM Mode Memorial Scholarship

Amount: $1,000

Deadline: January 31, 2018

Women attending or planning to attend a four year college or university are eligible. Preference is given to amateur radio operators performing at a high academic level and those who are residents of the states of Texas and Arkansas, along with those from the ARRL West Gulf region.

The Sara Scholarship

Amount: $8,000

Deadline: May 1, 2018

High school seniors pursuing a college degree who emphasis excellence in character and academic achievement are eligible to apply. Applicants must be women who have active engagement with the sport of golf, though skill level is not a criterion.

Traub-Dicker Rainbow Scholarship

Amount: $3,000

Deadline: May 18, 2018

This award supports LGBTQ women in their pursuit of higher education. Applicants can be high school seniors or those already matriculated in a year of undergraduate or graduate study.

USBC Alberta E. Crowe Star of Tomorrow

Amount: $6,000

Deadline: December 1, 2017

This award is for a high school senior or current college student who competes in the sport of women's bowling. Candidates must have a GPA of 3.0 or better, and be a youth member of USBC.

Women's Army Corps Veterans' Association Scholarship

Amount: $1,500

Deadline: May 1, 2018

Awards are intended to support relatives of Army Service Women. Applicants should be high school seniors with a minimum GPA of 3.5 on a 4.0 scale.

Women's Independence Scholarship Program (WISP)

Amount: Varies

Deadline: Varies

Candidates are female survivors of intimate partner abuse who are now separated from their abuser who are in critical need of financial assistance. Applicants must accepted to or enrolled in a course of study at an accredited U.S. institution.

Women's Western Golf Foundation Scholarship

Amount: $8,000

Deadline: March 1, 2018

High school seniors who intend to graduate and enroll in an accredited undergraduate college or university are eligible to apply. Candidates must have connection with the sport of women's golf, but skill is not a criterion for awards.

Deborah Partridge Wolfe International Fellowship (Undergraduate)

Amount: $1,000

Deadline: February 1, 2018

The Deborah Partridge Wolfe International Fellowship supports African American women studying abroad. Candidates may be undergraduate or graduate students.

AMWA Medical Education Scholarships

Amount: $500

Deadline: Varies

This scholarship is awarded to female applicants who have an active AMWA Student Membership. Award decisions are based on an essay, financial information and a letter of recommendation.

Elizabeth Garde National Scholarship

Amount: $850

Deadline: March 1, 2018

Qualified applicants are post high school students or graduate students pursuing a degree nursing or other medical field. Students must have a GPA of at least a 3.0 on a 4.0 scale. Scholarships are given by the Danish Sisterhood of America.

Haffizulla Family Scholarship Application

Amount: $1,000

Deadline: December 31, 2017

Eligible applicants are women who have been actively involved in the student division of AMWA for at least two years and are premedical student members in good standing.

Irene and Daisy MacGregor Memorial Scholarship

Amount: Varies

Deadline: February 10, 2018

Female students with a record of academic excellence who are accepted to or in pursuit of studying to become a medical doctor are eligible for this award. The scholarship may be renewed if a 3.25 GPA or higher is maintained.

S. Evelyn Lewis Memorial Medical Health Science Scholarship

Amount: Varies

Deadline: Varies

Undergraduate and graduate women enrolled in a medical or health field are eligible to apply. Students do not need to be members of the Zeta Phi Beta Sorority.

AMWA Young Women in Science Awards

Amount: Varies

Deadline: December 15, 2017

Awards are given to winners for through third place at the AMWA Annual Meeting student poster presentation. Evaluation of research posters is formed on the basis of presentation, basic science and commitment to an innovative and significant research project in the field of medical and scientific knowledge.

Young Women in Public Affairs Award

Amount: Varies

Deadline: Varies

Candidates are women aged 16 to 19 and demonstrate active involvement and leadership with volunteerism. Applicants should also have experience in student government, local government or workplace leadership.

WIFLE Scholarship Program

Amount: $2,500

Deadline: May 2, 2018

Candidates should possess an interest in the field of law enforcement. Only current female undergraduate students are eligible to apply. Majors related to law enforcement are preferred and can include areas such as public administration, criminal justice, computer science, linguistics arts, physics, chemistry and finance.

Women In Defense HORIZONS Scholarship

Amount: Varies

Deadline: June 12, 2018

To be eligible for awards, women must be currently enrolled at a college or university pursuing an undergraduate degree at the junior level or higher, or be enrolled in a graduate program. Successful candidates demonstrate interest and intent to pursue a career related to national defense or security.

Women's Overseas Service League

Amount: Varies

Deadline: March 1, 2018

Women who are commited to advancing in their military or other public service careers can apply for this scholarship. Students must be currently enrolled and have successfully completed a minimum of 12 semester or 18 quarter hours of study.

WomenLead Scholarship

Amount: $3,000

Deadline: April 30, 2018

Awards are granted to women who offer diverse leadership in nonprofits, ministry and public service. Women who lead through bold action, innovation and faith-inspired passion are given preference. For specific educational details, please visit the website.

Presbyterian Women Leadership Development Grant Program

Amount: $500

Deadline: Varies

Women active in the U.S. Presbyterian Church who wish to develop their leadership skills are eligible to apply. Scholarships are granted to those who wish to further the mission of Presbyterian Women.

CTU International Women's Scholarship Fund

Amount: Varies

Deadline: March 3, 2018

The International Women's Scholarship supports lay women who come from developing countries who are seeking Roman Catholic ministry credentials. Applicants must agree to work in their country after program completion.

Army Women’s Foundation Legacy Scholarship

Amount: $2,500

Deadline: January 15, 2018

This scholarship honors the service of women in the Army. Applicants must have served or is currently serving honorably in the U.S. Army Reserve, U.S. Army, Army National Guard or be the child of a women who has served. Students need a 3.0 GPA or higher to qualify.

Dr. Julianne Malveaux Scholarship

Amount: Varies

Deadline: March 1, 2018

Awards are available for African-American female students who are enrolled in an undergraduate program as a sophomore or junior. Eligible majors include public policy, writing, journalism and economics.

Irene Adler Prize

Amount: $1,000

Deadline: April 30, 2018

Eligible candidates are women entering or continuing their pursuit of a bachelor's, master's or PhD degree in creative writing, journalism or literature at an accredited institution in the U.S. or Canada. A short essay is required along with an application.

The Floyd Mayweather Jr. Foundation

Amount: $1,000

Deadline: Varies

Eligible students will be in their final three years of undergraduate schooling or first year of a graduate program. Candidates must be women who have elected one of the following majors: Journalism, Communication Studies, Public Relations, Marketing, or Media Studies. Preference is given to those who desire to work in the sports or entertainment industry.

Association for Women in Sports Media Intern/Scholarship

Amount: $1,000

Deadline: Varies

Scholarships are open to full-time female students who are pursuing a career in sports media. Eligible majors include public relations, writing, copy editing and broadcasting.

Loreen Arbus Foundation Scholarship

Amount: $2,500

Deadline: Varies

This scholarship is available to undergraduate and graduate women studying journalism, English, media, communications and related fields. The Loreen Arbus Foundation celebrates the contributions and achievements of citizens with disabilities.

Everipedia International Women in Media Scholarship

Amount: $1,000

Deadline: July 1, 2018

Applicants must be a senior in high school or currently enrolled in an undergraduate degree program. The scholarship's mission is to bring recognition to women who seek the truth.

Isabel M. Herson Scholarship in Education

Amount: Varies

Deadline: Varies

Scholarships are available to undergraduate and graduate students enrolled in a degree program for primary or secondary education. Students do not need to be members of the Zeta Phi Beta Sorority.

Lullellia W. Harrison Counseling Scholarship

Amount: Varies

Deadline: Varies

Undergraduate and graduate students enrolled in a degree program for counseling are eligible to apply. Students do not need to be Zeta Phi Beta Sorority members.

Robert Noyce Teacher Scholarship Program

Amount: Varies

Deadline: Varies

The Robert Noyce Teacher Scholarship Program awards scholarships to women who desire to teach science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) at the K-12 level.

Betty Rendel Scholarship

Amount: $1,000

Deadline: June 1, 2018

Candidates must be female undergraduate students pursuing an undergraduate degree in government, economics or political science with two years of coursework successfully completed.

Adobe Research Women in Technology Scholarship

Amount: $10,000

Deadline: November 4, 2017

Applicants must currently be enrolled as an undergraduate student majoring in computer engineering, computer science or a closely related technical field. The female student must plan to be enrolled full-time for the upcoming academic year.

Woman's National Farm & Garden Association Scholarships

Amount: Varies

Deadline: Varies

The Woman's National Farm & Garden Association scholarships help train future leaders in the arenas of farming, gardening, oceanic sciences, horticulture therapy and agriculture. Visit the website to see the current list of scholarships, award amounts and deadlines.

AREMA Presidental Spouse Scholarship

Amount: $1,000

Deadline: December 9, 2017

Applicants have completed at least one quarter or semester in an accredited four or five year engineering undergraduate program. Applicants must women who have particular interest in railway engineering.

IIE UPS Scholarship for Female Students

Amount: $4,000

Deadline: November 15, 2017

Awards are granted to female undergraduate and graduate industrial engineering students who demonstrate academic excellence and campus leadership. Students must be enrolled in a North American accredited school that is recognized by IISE.

NEWH Women Leaders Scholarship

Amount: $5,000

Deadline: October 17, 2017

Awards are granted to female undergraduate and graduate industrial engineering students who demonstrate academic excellent and campus leadership. Students must be enrolled in a North American accredited school that is recognized by IISE.

Society of Women Engineers (SWE) Scholarships

Amount: Varies

Deadline: Varies

To be eligible, candidates must be women pursuing an undergraduate or graduate degree in Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) accredited engineering programs at SWE-approved colleges and universities, Computing Sciences Accreditation Board (CSAB) accredited computer science programs at ABET-accredited or SWE-approved institutions.

UPS Scholarship for Female Students

Amount: $4,000

Deadline: Varies

Eligible students are female undergraduates attending an accredited institution for industrial engineering. Schools may be located in the United States, Canada and Mexico.

Alice T. Schafer Mathematics Scholarship

Amount: Varies

Deadline: October 1, 2017

Awards are given to current female undergraduate candidates who excel in mathematics and are pursuing a career in mathematics. Candidates can be freshmen, sophomores, juniors or seniors at the time of their application.

ABC Humane Wildlife Control & Prevention, Inc. Academic Scholarship

Amount: Varies

Deadline: June 27, 2017

Applicants must be currently enrolled at a university or college recognized by the U.S. Department of Education. Awards are granted to female students studying, or planning to study, the fields of engineering, mathematics, technology or science (excluding the social sciences).

APS/IBM Internship for Underrepresented Minorities

Amount: Varies

Deadline: February 15, 2018

Internship placements are awarded to candidates who identify as female and are from an underrepresented minority. Applicants must be a current undergraduate student with a major in chemistry, physics, computer science or engineering, materials science or engineering or biology with a related emphasis.

Pink Tractor Scholarship

Amount: $1,000

Deadline: February 1, 2018

Applicants must be women who are living on a family farm in the continental U.S. with an interest in managing a farm. Candidates are those pursuing a four year undergraduate degree in farm and ranch management, agricultural business management, livestock management or agricultural sales and marketing.

ANS Delayed Education Scholarship for Women

Amount: $4,000

Deadline: February 1, 2017

Not all scholarships are based off of your GPA, but most need to verify your high school education to qualify. Try to get certified copies of your transcript early, so you have plenty of time to meet the deadline.

Although there are scholarship opportunities that aren’t merit-based, it’s valuable to take the SAT or ACT standardized tests in case it’s a scholarship qualification.

Your scholarship essay is what will bring attention to your application out of the pool of applicants. That’s why it’s important to craft a stand out piece that attests to your experience, adheres to the scholarship guidelines and most importantly, highlights your true personality.

Letters of recommendation are a true judgement of your character—something that can’t be revealed through your test scores or transcript. Reach out to former teachers, counselors or bosses, so that they can speak to your qualifications. You may also want to provide them with a resume that outlines your achievements and goals as well.

Not too long ago, historians of the American West joined their artistic brethren in celebrating what we now think of as the “Old West.” For historians and artists, the “winning of the West” was a glorious achievement that heralded the triumph of “civilization” over “savagery.” Indeed, by the conventional scholarly wisdom and orthodox artistic vision, the vanquishing of Indians and the march of manifest destiny made America great and made Americans special.

In recent decades, however, most historians—and many Americans—have rejected this perspective. Dismantling cherished fables about the Old West and stripping the romance from the history of “Westward Ho,” newer studies have exhumed the human casualties and environmental costs of American expansion. Offering little glory, these interpretations of how the West was lost have accented the savagery of American civilization.

The de Young Museum’s exhibition, “Ed Ruscha and the Great American West,” and its companion, “Wild West: Plains to the Pacific” at the Legion of Honor—both in San Francisco—invite us to scrutinize both the celebration and its demise. In many ways, this revisioning of western American art parallels alterations in the content and meaning of western American history. In both art and history, longstanding and powerful myths have fallen as subjects have broadened and contemporary viewpoints have shifted. 

The American West: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)

Authoritative, lucid, and ranging widely over issues of environment, people, and identity, this is the American West stripped of its myths. The complex convergence of peoples, polities, and cultures that has decisively shaped the history of the American West serves as the key interpretive thread through this Very Short Introduction.

Back in the 19th century, celebrations of territorial expansion were commonplace among American historians. In his multi-volume account of The Winning of the West and other historical writings, Theodore Roosevelt admitted that the shedding of blood was not always “agreeable,” but deemed it the “healthy sign of the virile strength” of the American people. As president of the American Historical Association and as president of the United States, Roosevelt exulted in “our manifest destiny to swallow up the land of all adjoining nations who were too weak to withstand us.” He judged it “desirable for the good of humanity at large that the American people should ultimately crowd out the Mexicans from their sparsely populated Northern provinces” and wrest the rest of the West from Indians.

Popular as Roosevelt’s histories were in his time, it was his contemporary, Frederick Jackson Turner, who put forward the interpretation that gained enduring scholarly traction. Most prominently in his 1893 essay on “The Significance of the Frontier in American History,” Turner assigned westward expansion the central role in the history of the United States. He contended that it had not only enlarged the nation’s territory, but had also accounted for the individualistic and democratic character of its people and its institutions. In Turner’s view, the process of moving west separated Americans from their European roots (and in Turner’s imagination, the designation “American” referred exclusively to people of European ancestry). From what Turner and his contemporaries referred to as the “Great American West” then sprang the sources of American exceptionalism and American greatness.

Subsequent generations of historians of the American West took their cues from Turner’s “frontier thesis.” Some echoed it. Some extended it. Some amended it. Through the first half of the 20th century, however, few sought to challenge Turner’s belief in the fundamental importance of the frontier to American development or to question the exaltation of westward expansion.

That has changed over the last half century. Protests against the Vietnam War and the spread of various civil rights movements had a profound impact on the interpretation of American history in general, and western American history in particular. If American expansion led to Vietnam, a conflict that drew frequent metaphorical comparison to the supposed lawless violence of the “Wild West, then it was not something to be cheered.” At the same time, liberation struggles at home inspired historians to look beyond the white, male protagonists who had previously dominated frontier epics. In step with other American histories, scholars of the American West turned their attentions to the expectations and experiences of the unsung and the undone.

With a wider cast and an anti-imperial angle of vision, interpretations of the western past veered from the triumphant to the tragic. The titles of the two most influential surveys of what came to be called “the new western history” attested to this shift in orientation: The Legacy of Conquest by Patricia Limerick (1987) and It’s Your Misfortune and None of My Own by Richard White (1991). Synthesizing scholarship from the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s, these books asserted that conquest and its legacy brought misfortunes aplenty to the defeated and even to the supposed victors. The more general misfortunes traced to the environmental blowback that followed efforts to turn the land into what it was not, to transform a mostly arid and sparsely populated region into an agricultural “garden” and a home for multiplying millions of residents.

In the revisionist mirror, the Great West didn’t look very great anymore, a gloom and doom view that not all historians, and certainly not all Americans, embraced. Critics claimed the new western history overlooked the achievements and exaggerated the evils of American expansion. The unbalanced exposition, complained the novelist Larry McMurtry, unfairly presented the western past as an unrelenting course in “failure studies.”  

Similar debates erupted among art historians and grabbed much public notice in 1991. That year, the Smithsonian American Art Museum presented “The West as America: Reinterpreting Images of the American Frontier, 1820-1920.” In the exhibition, the curators challenged both the realism and the romance of western art. According to the exhibition’s gallery guide, the assembled works, which included masterpieces by the most renowned artists of the American West were “not so much records of activities or places” as they were “a means of persuading people that westward expansion was good for the nation and would benefit all who participated in it.” This proposition put western art and western artists in the service of manifest destiny, an ideology that led painters, sculptors, and photographers to mask “the problems created by westward expansion.”

“The West as America” exhibition was quite controversial. Some visitors limited their vitriol to the comments book in the gallery. Others vented their outrage in op-ed pieces. In response to the uproar, several congressmen demanded that the museum be defunded for allowing this blasphemy to be perpetrated against western art. That campaign failed, but the planned national tour of the exhibition was cancelled.

In terms of public notice, by far the greatest impact of changing views about the history of the American West registered at the movies. The social currents emanating from the 1960s that rewrote western histories and reinterpreted the meaning of still images also dramatically upended the art of motion pictures. For decades, “Westerns” ruled Hollywood. “Epics” and “B-westerns” filled movie theaters from the 1920s to the 1950s—and dominated American television programming in the 1950s. But during the 1960s, traditional, heroic Westerns began losing their popular appeal. Far fewer were produced. Those that were often inverted the genre’s conventions about heroes and villains and the righteousness of violence and manifest destiny. In landmark films such as Sergio Leone’s The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly (1966), Sam Peckinpah’s The Wild Bunch (1969), Arthur Penn’s Little Big Man (1970), and Robert Altman’s McCabe and Mrs. Miller (1971), the Old West became a stage on which 1960s critiques of American capitalism and imperialism played out. Arguably, though, the reversing of traditional western roles did not reach its apotheosis until 1991 when Dances with Wolves won eight Academy Awards.

Dances with Wolves reigned at the box office and at the Oscars, but over the last quarter century, the best historical scholarship has aimed at more than mere inversion of old myths about the Old West. One important direction has been to compare and connect what happened in the American West with parallel places and processes elsewhere. Departing from Turner’s claim that the frontier set the U.S. apart from its European roots, historians of the American West have instead emphasized the commonalities between American and other “colonialisms.” More specifically, the construct of “settler colonialism” has emerged as a key to situating the American experience in a broader global context. Further depriving the American West of its uniqueness, historians have adopted the lens of “ethnic cleansing,” or worse “genocide,” to understand American expansions and the accompanying displacement and sometimes devastation of indigenous peoples.

The most compelling western histories written in the last quarter century confront the complexities of past and present. This begins with the recognition of how deep that past is, with histories that commence well before the West was American and with excavations that reveal the diversity and dynamism of Native America prior to the arrival of European colonizers. From archaeological and other sources, historians have now recovered rich precolonial worlds and complex societies that continued after Indians encountered people from Europe and Africa, weaving a fascinating new understanding of how natives and newcomers met and mingled.

Rescuing indigenous people from the condescension of New Age romanticism that turns them into ever peaceful, perfect ecologists, newer histories have shown how Indians not only resisted European colonialism, but also in some parts of North America carried out their own expansions. The best of these newer western histories detail as well how prolonged interactions resulted in ethnic crossings as well as ethnic cleansings. Most visibly, this intercourse produced mixed-race offspring, but historians have also tracked a wide range of exchanges that led to a blending of cultures. Such amalgamations have remained a hallmark of western American cultures in the 20th and now the 21st centuries

The history of the American West, like the art of the American West, isn’t what it used to be. No doubt, many lament the changes and pine for the myths that western histories (and western art) once celebrated. But if we are to make sense of the West’s multi-faceted evolutions and figure out how we can live together, and live sustainably, in this region, we don’t need one-dimensional tales. Rather we need histories and art that respect the past, wrestling, as historians and artists must, with the complexities that challenge us still.

Like this article?
SIGN UP for our newsletter

We Recommend

It's no secret that Charles IV, king of Bohemia, possessed the Spear of Destiny. But the way he brandished it in public reveals his savvy understanding of mythology and power.
Unlocking the Spear of Destiny's True Power (3:56)
A hammerhead shark locates a stingray hiding beneath the ocean floor. Unnerved, the stingray makes a dash for freedom but is it too late?
Hammerhead vs. Stingray (2:25)
Sand strikers, also known as bobbit worms, are primitive-looking creatures that lack eyes, or even a brain. Despite this, they are savage predators who shoot out grapple-like hooks to reel in passing fish.
This Terrifying Worm Snatches Fish From the Ocean Floor (3:18)
Thousands of massive stone monuments, known as Moai, preside over Easter Island. The way they were carved, using only stone tools, seems unfathomable.
How Were Easter Island's Gigantic Statues Actually Carved? (4:11)
Categories: 1

0 Replies to “Violence In The Old West Essay Scholarships”

Leave a comment

L'indirizzo email non verrà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *